My First Ruby Unit Test

I have an on-going project to trick myself into learning Ruby by accident.

Being a big proponent of TDD I thought it was important that one of the first things I should get to learn was what was available to support unit testing while developing in Ruby.

Asking around it seems like test/unit is the easiest to get going with so that’s what I’m going to try.

The test examples below comes from chapter 9 of Chris Pine’s Learn to Program in Ruby.

First we need to import the unit test module:

require 'test/unit'

The derive our test class from Test::Unit::TestCase

class TestOldRomanNumerals < Test::Unit::TestCase

end

Hurrah! Now we’re ready to do some testing!

By convention, each method in the test class must begin with “test” so that the framework knows it’s a test.

Here I’m testing that my roman numeral code returns a blank string when given a zero to translate.

def test_zero_value_returns_blank
	assert_equal('', old_roman_numerals(0))
end

We can continue in this way with other values

def test_thousand_value_returns_m
	assert_equal('m', old_roman_numerals(1000))
end

To test an exception is thrown in a particular scenario, test/unit uses this construct:

def test_non_arabic_value_throws_exception
	assert_raises(RuntimeError) { old_roman_numerals('xvii') }
end

In .Net my favourite unit testing framework is xUnit and it was nice to see that, apart from enforcing a derivation on the test class, the boilerplate test code required in each framework is not a million miles apart. Even testing exceptions is kind of similar. In xUnit, there is a construct to assert a given lambda expression throws an expected type of exception and the test/unit code is very similar.

In it’s favour xUnit, rather than explicitly preprending the method name with “test”, the framework discovers tests by searching for public methods that have a “[Fact]” attribute. If find the use of attributes in .Net leaves you as the conveyer of intent (to yourself in six months or some other poor soul) free to use the method name as a sensible description of your expectation for the code.