SQL Schema Generation as Code

SQL Schema Generation as Code

While I was generating test data from a SQL database in the last post, I returned to another irritating part of SQL Server's "Generate and Publish Scripts" wizard. Running the wizard is difficult if there are lots of advanced settings that you don't want to leave at their default e.g. for deploying to SQL Azure. The interface is a long list of true/false settings and it's always a pain to make sure that you haven't accidentally missed a setting or changed a value you shouldn't have.

Plus the bug in a lot of versions of SQL server that means that the order that the tables are scripted in is entirely random so that seeing changes between one version and the other is all but impossible.

What we'd really like is a repeatable, source-controllable means of creating a database schema...? Well, I'm glad you asked. Here's a script to do just that :)

This PowerShell script takes an existing database and generates the SQL statements required to generate the database schema from scratch, in alphabetical (so mostly diff-able), repeatable order.

    Script schema from a database into SQL


    PowerShell.exe .\GenerateSqlSchema.ps1


    [string] $DatabaseServerInstanceName,
    [string] $DatabaseName,
    [string] $OutputFile

Set-PsDebug -Strict
$ErrorActionPreference = 'Stop'

[reflection.assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("Microsoft.SqlServer.Smo")  | Out-Null

$SqlInstance = New-Object ('Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Server') $DatabaseServerInstanceName

If ($SqlInstance.Version -eq  $Null ) {
    Throw "Can't find the instance $DatabaseServerInstanceName"

$SqlDatabase = $SqlInstance.Databases[$DatabaseName] 

If ($SqlDatabase.Name -ne $DatabaseName) {
    Throw "Can't find the database '$DatabaseName' on server '$DatabaseServerInstanceName'"

$Script = New-Object('Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Scripter') $SqlInstance

# Export options

$Script.Options.FileName = $OutputFile
$Script.Options.AnsiFile = $True
$Script.Options.ToFileOnly = $True

# Options top to bottom from SMS Advanced Scripting Options
# Taken from : https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/microsoft.sqlserver.management.smo.scriptingoptions.aspx 
# General List
$Script.Options.AnsiPadding = $True
$Script.Options.AppendToFile = $False
$Script.Options.ContinueScriptingOnError = $False
$Script.Options.ConvertUserDefinedDataTypesToBaseType = $False
$Script.Options.WithDependencies = $False
$Script.Options.IncludeHeaders = $False
$Script.Options.IncludeIfNotExists = $True
# Include System Constraint Names False
# Include Unsupported Statements False
$Script.Options.SchemaQualify = $True
$Script.Options.Bindings = $False
$Script.Options.NoCollation = $True # Script Collation False
# Script Defaults True
# Script Drop and Create Script Create
$Script.Options.ScriptDrops = $False
$Script.Options.ExtendedProperties = $False
# SQL Server 2008 R2 - https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/microsoft.sqlserver.management.smo.sqlserverversion.aspx
$Script.Options.TargetServerVersion = [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.SqlServerVersion]::Version105 
$Script.Options.TargetDatabaseEngineType = 'SqlAzureDatabase'
$Script.Options.LoginSid = $False
$Script.Options.Permissions = $False
$Script.Options.Statistics = $True
# Script Use Database False
$Script.Options.ScriptSchema = $True
$Script.Options.ScriptData = $False
$Script.Options.ScriptOwner = $False

# Table/View Options List
$Script.Options.ChangeTracking = $False
$Script.Options.DriAllConstraints = $True
$Script.Options.ScriptDataCompression = $False
$Script.Options.DriForeignKeys = $True
$Script.Options.FullTextIndexes = $False
$Script.Options.Indexes = $True
$Script.Options.DriPrimaryKey = $True
$Script.Options.Triggers = $True
$Script.Options.DriUniqueKeys = $True

# Go !!!
Measure-Command { $Script.EnumScript(@($SqlDatabase.Tables)) }